Although most of them were demolished during the Irmandiño Wars (1466–1469), some Galician castles that survived are Pambre, Castro Caldelas, Sobroso, Soutomaior and Monterrei. The ecclesiastical architecture was raised early in Galicia, and the first churches and monasteries as San Pedro de Rocas began to be built in the 5th and 6th centuries. However, the most famous medieval architecture in Galicia had been using Romanesque architecture like most of Western Europe.
Tegra, San Cibrao de Lás and Formigueiros among others. With the introduction of Ancient Roman architecture, there was a development of basilicas, castra, city walls, cities, villas, Roman temples, Roman roads, and the Roman bridge of Ponte Vella. It was the Romans who founded some of the first cities in Galicia like Lugo and Ourense. Perhaps the best-known examples are the Roman Walls of Lugo and the Tower of Hercules in A Coruña. The castle of Pambre, Palas de Rei, which resisted the Irmandiños troops During the Middle Ages, many fortified castles were built by Galician feudal nobles to mark their powers against their rivals.
Hundreds of ancient standing stone monuments like dolmens, menhirs, and megalithic tumuli were erected during the prehistoric period in Galicia. Amongst the best-known are the dolmens of Dombate, Corveira, Axeitos of Pedra da Arca, and menhirs like the Lapa de Gargñáns. From the Iron Age, Galicia has a rich heritage based mainly on a great number of hill forts, few of them excavated like Baroña, Sta.
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Galicia (Spain) - WikipediaGalicia Galicia or Galiza (Galician)Autonomous community FlagCoat of armsAnthem: "Os Pinos" ("The Pine Trees")Location of Galicia within Spain and the Iberian PeninsulaCoordinates: 42°30′N 8°06′W / 42. 5°N 8. 1°WCountry SpainLargest cityVigoCapitalSantiago de CompostelaProvincesA Coruña, Lugo, Ourense, and PontevedraGovernment • TypeDevolved government in a constitutional monarchy • BodyXunta de Galicia • PresidentAlfonso Rueda (PPdeG)Area • Total29, 574. 42 km2 (11, 418. 75 sq mi) • Rank7th (5.
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This dish is called pulpo a la gallega or in Galician polbo á feira, which roughly translates as 'fair-style octopus', most commonly translated as 'Galician-style octopus'. There are several regional varieties of cheese. The best-known one is the so-called tetilla, named after its breast-like shape. Other highly regarded varieties include the San Simón cheese from Vilalba and the creamy cheese produced in the Arzúa-Ulloa area.
Some of the greatest examples of Romanesque churches in Galicia are the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, the Ourense Cathedral, Saint John of Caaveiro, Our Lady Mary of Cambre, and the Church of San Xoán of Portomarín among others. Cuisine Galician cuisine often uses fish and shellfish. The empanada is a meat or fish pie, with a bread-like base, top, and crust with the meat or fish filling usually being in a tomato sauce including onions and garlic.
Due to their steep course, few of Galicia's rivers are navigable, other than the lower portion of the Miño and the portions of various rivers that have been dammed into reservoirs. Some rivers are navigable by small boats in their lower reaches: this is taken great advantage of in several semi-aquatic festivals and pilgrimages. Environment The River Sil and its canyon Galicia has preserved some of its dense forests. It is relatively unpolluted, and its landscapes composed of green hills, cliffs, and rias are generally different from what is commonly understood as Spanish landscape. Nevertheless, Galicia has some important environmental problems. Deforestation and forest fires are a problem in many areas, as is the continual spread of the eucalyptus tree, a species imported from Australia, actively promoted by the paper industry since the mid-20th century.
7 °C (45. 9 °F) 1, 787 mm (70. 4 in) 139 / 19 13 1, 911 Vigo 19. 6 °C (67. 3 °F) 8. 6 °C (47. 5 °F) 1, 791 mm (70. 5 in) 131 / 18 4 2, 169 Government and politics Local government Galicia has partial self-governance, in the form of a devolved government, established on 16 March 1978 and reinforced by the Galician Statute of Autonomy, ratified on 28 April 1981. There are three branches of government: the executive branch, the Xunta de Galicia, consisting of the President and the other independently elected councillors; the legislative branch consisting of the Galician Parliament; and the judicial branch consisting of the High Court of Galicia and lower courts. Executive The Xunta de Galicia is a collective entity with executive and administrative power. It consists of the President, a vice president, and twelve councillors.
 The name evolved during the Middle Ages from Gallaecia, sometimes written Galletia, to Gallicia. In the 13th century, with the written emergence of the Galician language, Galiza became the most usual written form of the name of the country, being replaced during the 15th and 16th centuries by the current form, Galicia, which is also the spelling of the name in Spanish. The historical denomination Galiza became popular again during the end of the 19th and the first three-quarters of the 20th century and is still used with some frequency today.
The number of people working in the tertiary and quaternary sectors of the economy increased significantly. Since 1999, the absolute number of births in Galicia has been increasing. In 2006, 21, 392 births were registered in Galicia,  300 more than in 2005, according to the Instituto Galego de Estatística.
03 children per woman, compared to 1. 38 nationally, and far below the figure of 2. 1 that represents a stable populace.  Lugo and Ourense provinces have the lowest fertility rates in Spain, 0. 88 and 0. 93, respectively.  In northern Galicia, the A Coruña-Ferrol metropolitan area has become increasingly dominant in terms of population.
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 Temperatures are further cooler in A Coruña, with a subdued 22. 8 °C (73. 0 °F) normal.  Temperatures are much higher in inland areas such as Ourense, where days above 30 °C (86 °F) are regular. The lands of Galicia are ascribed to two different areas in the Köppen climate classification: a south area (roughly, the province of Ourense and Pontevedra) with appreciable summer drought, classified as a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb), with mild temperatures and rainfall usual throughout the year; and the western and northern coastal regions, the provinces of Lugo and A Coruña, which are characterized by their Oceanic climate (Cfb), with a more uniform precipitation distribution along the year, and milder summers.  However, precipitation in southern coastal areas are often classified as oceanic since the averages remain significantly higher than a typical Mediterranean climate.
There are nine of these in Galicia: Arcos da Condesa, Bembrive, Camposancos, Chenlo, Morgadáns, Pazos de Reis, Queimadelos, Vilasobroso and Berán. Galicia is also traditionally subdivided in some 3, 700 civil parishes, each one comprising one or more vilas (towns), aldeas (villages), lugares (hamlets) or barrios (neighbourhoods).
As an example, Santiago de Compostela, the capital city, has an average of 129 rainy days (> 1 mm) and 1, 362 millimetres (53. 6 in) per year (with just 17 rainy days in the three summer months) and 2, 101 sunlight hours per year, with just 6 days with frosts per year. But the colder city of Lugo, to the east, has an average of 1, 759 sunlight hours per year,  117 days with precipitations (> 1 mm) totalling 901.
However, the rise of tourism, sustainable forestry, and organic and traditional agriculture are bringing other possibilities to the Galician economy without compromising the preservation of the natural resources and the local culture. Electric cars are made in the Citroën French factory in Vigo. Traditionally, Galicia depended mainly on agriculture and fishing. Nonetheless, today the tertiary sector of the economy (the service sector) is the largest, with 582, 000 workers out of a regional total of 1, 072, 000 (as of 2002). The secondary sector (manufacturing) includes shipbuilding in Vigo, Marín-Pontevedra and Ferrol, textiles and granite work in A Coruña. A Coruña also manufactures automobiles. The French Centro de Vigo de PSA Peugeot Citroën, founded in 1958, makes about 450, 000 vehicles annually (455, 430 in 2006); a Citroën C4 Picasso made in 2007 was their nine-millionth vehicle.
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Caldo galego is a hearty soup whose main ingredients are potatoes and a local vegetable named grelo (broccoli rabe). The latter is also employed in lacón con grelos, a typical carnival dish, consisting of pork shoulder boiled with grelos, potatoes, and chorizo. Centolla is the equivalent of king crab. It is prepared by being boiled alive, having its main body opened like a shell, and then having its innards mixed vigorously. Another popular dish is octopus, boiled (traditionally in a copper pot) and served on a wooden plate, cut into small pieces, and laced with olive oil, sea salt, and pimentón (Spanish paprika).
A classical is filloas, crêpe-like pancakes made with flour, broth or milk, and eggs. When cooked at a pig slaughter festival, they may also contain the animal's blood. A famous almond cake called Tarta de Santiago (St. James' cake) is a Galician sweet specialty mainly produced in Santiago de Compostela and all around Galicia. Galicia has 30 products with Denominación de orixe (D. O. ), some of them with Denominación de Orixe Protexida (D. P. ).  D. and D. are part of a system of regulation of quality and geographical origin among Spain's finest producers. Galicia produces a number of high-quality Galician wines, including Albariño, Ribeiro, Ribeira Sacra, Monterrei and Valdeorras.